Varanasi city is situated on the banks of the River Ganges in the Uttar Pradesh state in India. It is also referred to as Benaras and also the place is well-known for Benaras silk. It is just one of the most ancient cities in India and the excavations at Rajghat confirm that it was populated in ninth century B.C. The 23rd Tirthankara of Jain Faith was believed to have born right here in 800 B.C. The Aryans who populated the place in two thousand B.C. settled on the Ganges area. The location is significant for Jains, Hindus and Buddhists. It’s mentioned that Varanasi city is the home of Ayurvedic medicine.
You will find a variety of names of Varanasi. These are Surandhana, Ramya, Mahasmasana, Kasi, Avimuktaka, Brahma Vardha, Kasi and Anandakanana. The 2 tributaries of River Ganges are Assi and Varuna and also the name Varanasi city really should have been derived the names of those two rivers. It was described within the Rigveda as Kasi that implies the place of lighting. The town is known as the city of temples, the holy city of India, the city of lighting, the town of learning, the oldest city on earth as well as the spiritual capital of India.
According to the Hindu mythology, a person that normally takes bath in the Ganges in Varanasi city will all have their sins washed away. In 528 B.C. Buddha gave his first sermon about rotating the wheel of law at Sarnath situated a few kms away from the town. There had been a mention about this specific spot in numerous Hindu scriptures including Ramayana, Mahabarata, Skanda Purana and Rigveda. In 5th century B.C. it was the capital city of the Kingdom of Kashi. In 635 A.D., the Chinese traveler Huan Tsang traveled to this particular location which excelled in academic, social and industrial factors.
Mahmud Ghazni attacked the city in 1033 A.D. and Mohammed Gori attacked this in 1193 A.D. Many temples had been ruined during this time. Ever since then the location lost its magnificence for few centuries. The city got back a few of its lost fame while Akbar arrived to throne in 16th century. When Aurangazeb came to throne, he renamed it Mohammedabad.
Numerous eminent scholars, poets, writers and philosophers such as Tulsi Das, Prem Chand, Ustad Bismillah Khan, Ravi Shankar and Kabir had been born in Varanasi city. After the Mughal period, Varanasi city arrived below the control of Marathas and also the place again flourished in the course of their time period. The Kingdom of Kashi was an independent state in 18th century. The Ramnagar Fort was built by Kashi Narash Raja Balwant Singh in that time. It was constructed within the Mughal style of architecture. Another fort, Chet Singh Palace was built in Shivala Ghat by Maharaja Chet Singh. That evolved into a new state of India in 1910 and arrived beneath the impact of English with Ramnagar as its capital city.
While Annie Besant started the Theosophical Society, she chose Varanasi city as its home. Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya founded the Banaras Hindu University in the year 1916. It’s one of the largest educational institutions of Asia. There are many historic areas here and Varanasi photos and Varanasi videos may give a lot more insight into this.